Are you a smoker? So it is with me. As smokers, we have a greater risk factor for suffering from lung cancer indeed than those who do not smoke. It is important for us to recognize the types of lung cancer. Recently the Jokowi regime in Indonesia raised the excise tax on cigarettes. The Government of the Republic of Indonesia needs additional fresh funds to sustain ambitious infrastructure projects. Also to cover the health budget deficit for the poor. We in Indonesia have an interest so that the projects are successfully implemented.
If the cigarettes’ price in Indonesia becomes more expensive, of course, that is not the Jokowi regime’s fault. It is my own fault to become a smoker. The story of why I can become a smoker tells in my novel called “Smiled In A Grief”. Unfortunately, this time the story hasn’t yet reached that part. I started smoking when I was in college, recently, the novel just told about my graduating from Junior High School. I hope by recognizing types of lung cancer, you and I will rethink about this bad habit.
Types Of Lung Cancer
Medically, we call lung cancer as Bronchogenic carcinoma. Surely you already know that carcinoma means cancer anyway. Broadly speaking, there are two types of lung cancer that we know so far. They are Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) and Small Cell Lung Cancer (SCLC). The experts classify this because it is indeed the appearance of cancer cells when observed under a microscope. These abnormal cells grow, spread and are treated in different ways, so it is very important for us to distinguish between them. Lung cancer is a physical disease, so they will be different from schizophrenia or bipolar disorder. The last two things are mental illness.
Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC)
Health records in various countries indicate that this is one of the most common types of lung cancer. The incidence is about 85 percent of all cases of lung cancer. We will find three types of tumor cells in this kind of lung cancer.
Often it spreads to the lymph nodes. This type of Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer often grows on the outside of the lungs, although it can also grow in other parts. It develops from mucus producing cells that line the airways indeed. A subtype of this type called Adenocarcinoma In Situ, meaning it spreads in more than one lung section. Adenocarcinoma is one of the most common types of lung cancer. Incidence reaches about 40 percent of all lung cancer cases. Even though it is often associated with smoking habits, we also find it in non-smokers. Especially women who don’t smoke but get lung cancer. The prognosis of this case is relatively better than other types of lung cancer.
Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Physicians also use the term Epidermoid carcinoma for this type of lung cancer as well. In the past, this type was more common than Adenocarcinoma. Until a few years ago, medical records gave an incidence of about 25 to 30 percent of all lung cancers. The carcinomic cells develop in the cells that line the air and the experts accuse smoking as the prominent cause.
Large Cell Carcinoma
This is one of the types of lung cancer of the Lung Cancer Non-Small Cell family that we rarely see anyway. The sufferer reaches about 10 to 15 percent of all events. Doctors often also use the term Undifferentiated carcinoma for this Large Cell Carcinoma. In general, it stays in the lungs and metastases to the lymph nodes and grows enlarged as well.
Sometimes we also find that some types of abnormal cells from the family of Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) grow and develop in the lungs of patients. We call this a mixed tumor case.
Small Cell Lung Cancer (SCLC)
Perhaps this type is the most violent and aggressive. The strongest risk factor of the Lung Cancer Small Cell is smoking. We will only find this type of cancer in non-smokers for less than one percent of patients. The incidence rate reaches 10 to 15 percent of all sufferers. Metastases occur very quickly and often doctors find them after they spread to other organs.
This includes one of the rarest but very deadly types of lung cancer. The cause is that people are exposed to asbestos dust. If we work as builders or building material stores dealing with asbestos, it is very wise to wear a mask. Mesothelioma occurs in the lining of the lungs that medically calls the pleura.
Rarer Types Of Lung Cancer
Besides all the types of lung cancer mentioned above, some people get rarer types of lung cancer as well. Affect 5 to 10 percent of all events. Carcinoid tumors are rare cancers that sometimes happen in the lung as well. Bronchial carcinoids are often found in patients under the age of forty. It develops more slowly than Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) or Small Cell Lung Cancer (SCLC). Even so, of course, this type of lung cancer should not be underestimated. As smokers, we have a greater risk factor than those who are not smokers.
(photograph was taken from pixabay.com)